Sunday, 21 July 2013

History of Tiilangga (Sasando Hat)

Tiilangga is a traditional hat from Rote Island, the smallest island in East Nusa Tenggara Province. Circular shaped with a small horn stand upright on it. This horn is also often referred as the antenna.
Tiilangga made ​​of palm leaves, including the antenna, which has nine levels. Although only a cap but the philosophy behind the design is very deep and interesting. The nine antennas sticking grooves on nine strata interpreted as the government in power at that time.


On Rote island, that famous with palm trees, strata starting from their usual social groups that symbolized as the smallest indentation at the top of antenna. While the king or head of government symbolized the larger indentation, whose position at the bottom of the antenna.

Circular indentation symbolize their support for any policy or regulations issued by the king or the ruling government. This was confirmed by the antenna upright form, as a symbol of leadership.

Such caps generally, the meaning of this traditional hat is the same as a head covering for men from Rote Island. Tiilangga also believed to be able to change their appearance to be more manly. From the beginning until now, Tiilangga still worn by men from all walks of life.

When they attend traditional events, attending events at government offices, performing dance at the ceremony,
go into the garden or field, plays Sasando, they always use Tiilangga in their head.

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